60. The truth is from your Lord, so do not be of those who doubt.
61. And if anyone disputes with you about him, after the knowledge that has come to you, say, “Come, let us call our children and your children, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, and let us invoke God’s curse on the liars.”
62. This is the narrative of truth: there is no god but God. God is the Mighty, the Wise.
63. But if they turn away-God knows the corrupt.
64. Say, “O People of the Book, come to terms common between us and you: that we worship none but God, and that we associate nothing with Him, and that none of us takes others as lords besides God.” And if they turn away, say, “Bear witness that we have submitted.”
65. O People of the Book! Why do you argue about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Will you not reason?
66. Here you are-you argue about things you know, but why do you argue about things you do not know? God knows, and you do not know.
67. Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a Monotheist, a Muslim. And he was not of the Polytheists.
68. The people most deserving of Abraham are those who followed him, and this prophet, and those who believe. God is the Guardian of the believers.
69. A party of the People of the Book would love to lead you astray, but they only lead themselves astray, and they do not realize it.
70. O People of the Book! Why do you reject the revelations of God, even as you witness?
Muhammad is told to tell those that do not believe Jesus’s teachings about God, to prove their stubbornness and really call on God to show who is telling the truth and who is lying. If they do not take Jesus’s and Muhammad’s words as truth about one Lord, then God knows what is in their hearts.
Here Gabriel is showing the messengers have been argued about even before Jesus was here on earth. People have been arguing, fighting and killing each other over their differences of opinions on matters that only God can know. Abraham has been called a Jew, or Christian, which at his time of life, did not exist in their individual labels.
So it is more appropriate to call Abraham a “muslim” which was NEVER supposed to be a label, but has become one in limitation with human language to describe someone’s belief. A muslim means to be a submitter or devotee to God. It is an Arabic adjective used to describe someone, not a noun. I believe this is what the Quran meant, but so many people have taken it the wrong way causing much strife on earth back then, and now.
Which is possibly the test…who will keep arguing instead of being loving and understanding?