150. Those who disbelieve in God and His messengers, and want to separate between God and His messengers, and say, “We believe in some, and reject some,” and wish to take a path in between.
151. These are the unbelievers, truly. We have prepared for the unbelievers a shameful punishment.
152. As for those who believe in God and His messengers, and make no distinction between any of them-He will give them their rewards. God is Forgiver and Merciful.
153. The People of the Scripture challenge you to bring down to them a book from the sky. They had asked Moses for something even greater. They said, “Show us God plainly.” The thunderbolt struck them for their wickedness. Then they took the calf for worship, even after the clear proofs had come to them. Yet We pardoned that, and We gave Moses a clear authority.
154. And We raised the Mount above them in accordance with their covenant, and We said to them, “Enter the gate humbly”, and We said to them, “Do not violate the Sabbath”, and We received from them a solemn pledge.
155. But for their violation of their covenant, and their denial of God’s revelations, and their killing of the prophets unjustly, and their saying, “Our minds are closed.” In fact, God has sealed them for their disbelief, so they do not believe, except for a few.
156. And for their faithlessness, and their saying against Mary a monstrous slander.
157. And for their saying, “We have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the Messenger of God.” In fact, they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them as if they did. Indeed, those who differ about him are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it, except the following of assumptions. Certainly, they did not kill him.
158. Rather, God raised him up to Himself. God is Mighty and Wise.
159. There is none from the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.
160. Due to wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We forbade them good things that used to be lawful for them; and for deterring many from God’s path.
Now here is where Muhammad is given specific information about the People of the Scripture which is the Jews who were given the testament by Moses. Gabriel is telling Muhammad he is going to have a hard time convincing these Jewish leaders that they do not hold the monopoly on Heaven. There has been a divide in religion. During Moses’s time, the Israelites wanted to see God before they worshiped Him and so God showed them through a lightning storm, but they were blind and could not see the Signs. This proved to God their lack of faith, and they strayed worshipping the Golden Calf instead of God. Now, today Muhammad is being told that they will ask for the same type of proof before they believe in the Quran revelations and this book will be that proof.
God and His Angels are upset with the original Moses’s people, because the Israelites altered the original Sabbath and worshipped deities other than God. It is also told that they killed other prophets and 600 years after Jesus’s death, they claim they killed him too! But God is a Loving God, and this Angel is telling Muhammad that God did not allow for his servant-Jesus, to be tortured and reduced to a spectacle for these people. Yes, Jesus did die, but it was not at the hands of the Jews to claim they have power over this life. It was God’s decision to take Jesus away from this world, after he did what he needed to do. It was the arrogance of the Jews and Romans to think they could take such a life away. Jesus’s purpose of being a teacher and example was complete, and it was not for the Jewish elders to claim ego and pride over killing Jesus.
It was made for Jesus to look like he was crucified as a test, but really God took him up to Himself in the resurrection. This is a very mysterious line and it can never be known what really happened except maybe in our death when the truth is revealed. But what is important is what you do with your faith in Jesus’s teachings that truly matters in life. Arguing and bickering over Jesus’s death, is something that was part of the test all along and many people have failed at it when they killed each other over this event.
We are told the Jewish elders made a mockery of Jesus’s mother, Mary, by calling her insults and names. This is found in the Talmud, which was the Oral law of the Pharisees, and not the original Torah from Moses. Gabriel is pointing this out to Muhammad to know how to argue triumphantly with these people he will have to go up against when Islam starts to spread more awareness about unity of religion and God.
As Gabriel states some Jews are righteous submitters to God. They were and still are the friends of muslims, and the discrepancies can be easily seen in history and today’s events. God has caused a hardship to be placed on the Jewish bloodlines that caused such chaos and division in religion. Any Jewish person who is kind, good, and a believer in all messengers and messages with spiritual equality is seen as a spiritual companion of the muslims, and Christians.
A Jewish rabbi hugging an Arab muslim