150. And when Moses returned to his people, angry and disappointed, he said, “What an awful thing you did in my absence. Did you forsake the commandments of your Lord so hastily?” And he threw down the tablets; and he took hold of his brother’s head, dragging him towards himself. He said, “Son of my mother, the people have overpowered me, and were about to kill me; so do not allow the enemies to gloat over me, and do not count me among the unjust people.”
151. He said, “My Lord, forgive me and my brother, and admit us into Your mercy; for you are the Most Merciful of the merciful.”
152. Those who idolized the calf have incurred wrath from their Lord, and humiliation in this life. We thus requite the innovators.
153. As for those who commit sins, and then repent afterwards and believe-your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful.
154. When the anger abated in Moses, he took up the tablets. In their transcript is guidance and mercy for those in awe of their Lord.
155. And Moses chose from his people seventy men for Our appointment. When the tremor shook them, he said, “My Lord, had You willed, You could have destroyed them before, and me too. Will you destroy us for what the fools among us have done? This is but Your test-with it You misguide whomever You will, and guide whomever You will. You are our Protector, so forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are the Best of Forgivers.”
156. “And inscribe for us goodness in this world, and in the Hereafter. We have turned to You.” He said, “My punishment-I inflict it upon whomever I will, but My mercy encompasses all things. I will specify it for those who act righteously and practice regular charity, and those who believe in Our signs.”
157. Those who follow the Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel in their possession. He directs them to righteousness, and deters them from evil, and allows for them all good things, and prohibits for them wickedness, and unloads the burdens and the shackles that are upon them. Those who believe in him, and respect him, and support him, and follow the light that came down with him-these are the successful.
158. Say, “O people, I am the Messenger of God to you all-He to whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but He. He gives life and causes death.” So believe in God and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believes in God and His words. And follow him, that you may be guided.
159. Among the people of Moses is a community that guides by truth, and thereby does justice.
160. We divided them into twelve tribal communities. And We inspired Moses, when his people asked him for something to drink: “Strike the rock with your staff.” Whereupon twelve springs gushed from it. Each group recognized its drinking-place. And We shaded them with clouds, and We sent down upon them manna and quails: “Eat of the good things We have provided for you.” They did not wrong Us, but they used to wrong their own selves.
Gabriel is telling Muhammad how Moses asked for forgiveness from His Lord and Mercy for the people who did not take part in this worship. God showed His Mercy for some, but wrath for the others. This story is told in third person as Gabriel is telling Muhammad what happened in the past so that he may be aware of all that God can do.
It is said an earthquake was about to destroy everyone, but Moses asked for Mercy and to punish the ones who worshiped the golden calf, and followed Satan’s path. God is Just and Merciful always and balances everything out in the end.
Many of the Israelites who later became known as Jews did follow Moses’s tablets and words of wisdom from God. They became the believers and the People of the Book that Muhammad is being told about that Muslim’s are connected to.
In line 158, Gabriel is telling Muhammad to say to the people that he is a messenger just as Moses was a messenger and to trust and believe in the revelations given to them before and now. The Quran will set things clear and support what was already told in the Bible and Torah to help reiterate the lessons, warnings, and the guidance for mankind. After all humans don’t listen very well and may need a few reminders.
Line 160, the people of Moses were divided into 12 tribes from the 70 people God chose to save, and Moses provided them a way to know where in the land to settle. He struck a rock and 12 springs of water gushed out of it because it was a flat rock with water beneath it. It was a large river that eventually branched out in 12 different directions. Each tribal community separated and were left to their own choices in the land. Gabriel tells Muhammad the people that did not follow the righteous path did not harm the Lord or the angels, they only harmed themselves.
This could be said for anyone who does not believe in God today and mocks or shows hate for the religious texts and our Lord. It does not harm Him in the least bit, God is constant and never effected by their disbelief. They only hurt themselves in the end.
This is the 12 tribes according to the Bible ad Torah and where they settled in the land.
Let me just say something about the Palestinian and Israeli conflict of today in regards to what I have learned in the Quran: The Jews may have settled on this land before, but the earth is big enough to learn how to live together peacefully and without conflict. There is absolutely NO reason why Jews of today should be killing muslims for this land, and vice versa. It is a sad time in history, where much suffering is going on and let me remind people that God sees ALL.