60. And they were pursued by a curse in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, Aad blasphemed against their Lord-so away with Aad, the people of Hud.
61. And to Thamood, their brother Saleh. He said, “O my people, worship God, you have no god other than Him. He initiated you from the earth, and settled you in it. So seek His forgiveness, and repent to Him. My Lord is Near and Responsive.”
62. They said, “O Saleh, we had hopes in you before this. Are you trying to prevent us from worshiping what our parents worship? We are in serious doubt regarding what you are calling us to.”
63. He said, “O my people, have you considered? If I stand upon clear evidence from my Lord, and He has given me mercy from Him, who would protect me from God, if I disobeyed Him? You add nothing for me except loss.”
64. “O my people, this is the she-camel of God, a sign for you. Let her graze on God’s land, and do not harm her, lest an imminent punishment overtakes you.”
65. But they hamstrung her, and so He said, “Enjoy yourselves in your homes for three days. This is a prophecy that is infallible.”
66. Then, when Our command came, We saved Saleh and those who believed with him, by a mercy from Us, from the disgrace of that day. Your Lord is the Strong, the Mighty.
67. And the Scream struck those who transgressed, and they became motionless bodies in their homes.
68. As if they had never prospered therein. Indeed, Thamood rejected their Lord, so away with Thamood.
69. Our messengers came to Abraham with good news. They said, “Peace.” He said, “Peace.” Soon after, he came with a roasted calf.
70. But when he saw their hands not reaching towards it, he became suspicious of them, and conceived a fear of them. They said, “Do not fear, we were sent to the people of Lot.”
The people of Aad did not listen to their messenger chosen to give them the message. They failed the test of being humble enough to receive it and change their ways. They were destroyed and no longer are a strong civilization, with the karma that they have called to them.
Now Gabriel is being told about a place called Thamood and their messenger Saleh. Saleh tried to get the people of Thamood to stop worshiping the deities that their ancestors worshipped. But they did not listen, and cultural identity was more important than listening to this messenger’s revelations to help set Thamood back on track.
Saleh was given a prophecy either by dream, divine inspiration or angel visitation to not kill this one cow grazing on the land as a symbol of faith. He warned the people and they cut the cow in the hamstrings, causing it to die in torment.
God next told Saleh another prophecy that the people had three days in the home before they were destroyed in a natural way with destruction. Except Saleh and the others who believed and were good.
Line 67 is very interesting, it says Scream in this translation, and I looked in others it is “shriek”, “great sound” in other versions. So there was some type of noisy disaster that made them die in their homes the people of Thamood. When you think of Pompeii, people were killed by the ash and smoke inside of their buildings. Or when you think of earthquakes, people could be hit in the head with things and killed this way. Either way, these people were warned and now they lay dead.
Although I have great care for others, I understand where God is coming from in this. These people transgressed which is the key word. Nothing gets me more angry when I see brutal killings, sacrifices, rapes, pillages, immorality done in the name of ancient paganism as archeologists have discovered. Not all were barbarous people, but not all were peaceful at all. The Quran will get to the part of discerning between the two types of pagan civilizations later in the revelations.
Line 69 is about to go into the story of Lot and the warnings from the angels sent to destroy this immoral civilization. It is interesting to note that the angels did not eat, but must have appeared as men since they surprised Abraham thinking they would eat the roasted calf, like all humans would at that time during such gratitude of food in this area. So here we learn Angels may look human if God wills it, but they do not eat or take in physical pleasures of the material world.
This is where Thamood or Thamud is supposed to have been. There rock carved buildings are still available to see as ruins these days.