40. “My Lord, make me one who performs the prayer, and from my offspring. Our Lord, accept my supplication.”
41. “Our Lord, forgive me, and my parents, and the believers, on the Day the Reckoning takes place.”
42. Do not ever think that God is unaware of what the wrongdoers do. He only defers them until a Day when the sights stare.
43. Their necks outstretched, their heads upraised, their gaze unblinking, their hearts void.
44. And warn mankind of the Day when the punishment will come upon them, and the wicked will say, “Our Lord, defer us for a little while, and we will answer Your call and follow the messengers.” Did you not swear before that there will be no passing away for you?
45. And you inhabited the homes of those who wronged themselves, and it became clear to you how We dealt with them, and We cited for you the examples.
46. They planned their plans, but their plans are known to God, even if their plans can eliminate mountains.
47. Do not ever think that God will break His promise to His messengers. God is Strong, Able to Avenge.
48. On the Day when the earth is changed into another earth, and the heavens, and they will emerge before God, the One, the Irresistible.
49. On that Day, you will see the sinners bound together in chains.
50. Their garments made of tar, and the Fire covering their faces.
51. That God may repay each soul according to what it has earned. God is Quick in reckoning.
52. This is a proclamation for mankind, that they may be warned thereby, and know that He is One God, and that people of understanding may remember.
Let me remind people that the way to read the Quran is in a “play” like script. When you see quotations in the Quran, you should hear the voice in your mind like a different character. This is because Muhammad is given a vision or a glimpse into the past by Gabriel and so the Quran reads like a play script, that at times breaks the “fourth wall” in acting. Gabriel will then come away from showing the vision to Muhammad and then speak directly to him telling him what he must take away from the vision that he just was given.
In Line 40-41 we see the words of Abraham asking for his repentance and asking for mercy for all of his family and friends that have followed the pagan civilizations. Think even before the Byzantine Empires of gods and goddesses, this was Abraham’s people. But Abraham was different than the society around him, in a way, you could use the term, he “woke up”.
Line 42, is a very powerful message to Muhammad and to us even today. Allah allows corruption and wrong deeds to go on in the world, to allow them to transgress further along the wrong path, and in my opinion allows them the freedom to voluntarily find their way back (if their intentions are pure). Then Muhammad is told that corruption and evil deeds can only last till the End Times, when humans will be able to do nothing but stare in bewilderment as the Angels come through the clouds.
Unfortunately when this day comes, it will be far too late for others to repent and change their ways. Although, it is told to Muhammad that they will try. Muhammad’s job is to warn all of mankind that this day will come in the future at an unknown time and it is their job to take personal responsibility for the deeds they have done.
Yes indeed…we are going to be going to a New Earth, or stay on this one, and it will transform into a New Earth. Very much like the ideas in the other holy texts, this world will reach a critical mass point of being destroyed or no longer can sustain us. So a new Earth will be created and here is where all souls will meet their maker.
The descriptions of retribution seems harsh to some, but not to those who have suffered under the hands of their torment. All wrong deeds will be corrected and justice will be given to those. Think about all the murderers, dictators, oppressors, slave owners, animal abusers, child abusers, drug ring owners, sex porn ring owners, etc..the list goes on of great misdeeds in the world.
These are the souls that will taste the Fire. Fire that will show them all the truth of what they have done to others while on earth.
There will never be injustice. On a scientific level, imbalance can not exist for long and an equilibrium is eventually met for all souls. All good is accounted for and all evil is accounted for too.
Last line of the Surah is to tell Muhammad it is his duty to warn the others about this time in an undisclosed future.