10. And those who do not believe in the Hereafter—We have prepared for them a painful punishment.
11. The human being prays for evil as he prays for good. The human being is very hasty.
12. We have made the night and the day two wonders. We erased the wonder of the night, and made the wonder of the day revealing, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and know the number of years, and the calculation. We have explained all things in detail.
13. For every person We have attached his fate to his neck. And on the Day of Resurrection, We will bring out for him a book which he will find spread open.
14. “Read your book; today there will be none but yourself to call you to account.”
15. Whoever is guided—is guided for his own good. And whoever goes astray—goes astray to his detriment. No burdened soul carries the burdens of another, nor do We ever punish until We have sent a messenger.
16. When We decide to destroy a town, We command its affluent ones, they transgress in it, so the word becomes justified against it, and We destroy it completely.
17. How many generations have We destroyed after Noah? Your Lord is sufficient as Knower and Beholder of the sins of his servants.
18. Whoever desires the fleeting life, We expedite for him what We decide to give him, to whomever We desire. Then We consign him to Hell, where he will roast, condemned and defeated.
19. But whoever desires the Hereafter, and pursues it as it should be pursued, while he is a believer; these—their effort will be appreciated.
20. To all—these and those—We extend from the gifts of your Lord. The gifts of your Lord are not restricted.
As one reads this with belief already in higher sources of information, you can see this “voice” does not come from a human source, but is indeed an objective one just telling humanity that way it is. Muhammad is the audience, and the student learning.
Muhammad is learning at this moment that many humans do evil and ask for evil things to happen, unaware of the fact that they are indeed evil. Allah will let them know everything in the end when your consciousness and subconsciousness is laid out for you to be your own witness with God to what you have done in your life.
Here we see God as not an impartial judge, but is solely the vehicle for a soul to LEARN. Allah/God provides the “space” above time and physical space to review and learn the truth of your actions in life.
Line 14 is telling Muhammad that each soul in death will get a chance to read their own book of life, and actions will be called into account.
I love line 15, as a freedom lover, nobody can influence your soul unless you choose for it to. You truly are the one responsible for all actions and can not blame completely on those in charge making you do something against your will. There are ways to defy evil and an example of being part of the German Nazi party comes to mind.
Those Nazi Party members in death will not be able to blame Hitler for their actions. Each soul is responsible and in that is a beautiful freedom.
When you don’t follow others, and instead follow your own heart and mind to do good, the rewards are great in this world and the hereafter.